Ergonomics can be defined as aiming to design appliances, technical systems and tasks to improve human safety,
health, comfort and performance.
In application, the ergonomic approach aims to adapt the workplace or environment to fit the individual.
Factors that play a role in ergonomics are:
Body Posture and movement – sitting, standing, lifting, pulling and pushing.
Environmental factors – noise, vibration, illumination, climate
Information and operation – information gained visually or through other senses; relation between
displays and controls.
Both at work and in our leisure pursuits we require our body’s to adopt various postures and produce movement.
Our joints, muscles and ligaments are all involved continually in this process.
Poor posture and movement patterns can lead to mechanical stress on our body structures manifesting itself as
pain. The most commonly affected areas are the spine, shoulders and wrists but any part of the musculoskeletal
system can be affected.